Currently, interventional radiology saves the health and life of many patients through advanced medical technology. Specialists use cutting-edge devices in order to identify serious conditions and to apply efficient therapies, everything with minimum adverse effects and maximum comfort for the patient. The interventional radiology specialists of ACIBADEM centers talk about the current performances of this branch of medicine with multiple benefits in treating cancers and cardiovascular diseases.
What is interventional radiology?
Interventional radiology is a branch of medicine allowing the diagnosis and treatment of some diseases located in various organs and systems of the human body by using imagistic techniques such as X-rays, CT and MRI. Currently, the procedures are applied with the help of modern, latest generation devices that are successfully used by the specialists of the medical centers within ACIBADEM group. „The interventional radiology procedures make it possible for patients to be treated in the most efficient and less risky way compared to other medical procedures. The above-mentioned procedures are generally performed by small incisions in the skin and by using small needles or tubes, called catheters, of different sizes and diameters. Many conditions that could be treated only through surgical interventions and large incisions can now be approached with minimum incisions and local anesthesia. Thus, the severity of the trauma provoked to the patient, as well as the infection risk are diminished”, says Prof. Dr. Koray Güven, interventional radiology specialist at the Acıbadem Maslak Hospital. Currently, interventional radiology saves the lives of patients with oncological conditions, cardiovascular diseases such as arterial embolism, and other serious medical issues.
How can interventional radiology help cancer patients?
One of the frequent uses of interventional radiology is approaching liver tumors. It can be used in 3 cases out of 4, where classical surgery cannot solve the problem. Therefore, doctors from prestigious oncology centers such as ACIBADEM approach complicated cases of liver cancer as those with advanced diagnosis, multiple tumors, tumors located near important blood vessels or near bile ducts. Moreover, interventional radiology increases the success chances of surgical methods and of chemotherapy focusing on liver metastases. „The non-vascular interventional radiology procedures that are performed for diagnosis help us carry out the biopsies. These involve tissue sampling from organs such as prostate, liver, pancreas, lungs and kidneys or from tumor formations outside of them. During the biopsy, imaging techniques such as ultrasounds and CT help us view the area and see if the sampling needles are placed precisely towards the targeted area”, explains professor Yurtkuran Sadıkoğlu, ACIBADEM expert, regarding the way modern biopsies take place. Also, doctors use interventional radiology technologies to destroy tumors, to block the blood vessels feeding them and to free the bile ducts that are blocked by tumors. Moreover, with angiography, they can do chemo-embolism, that means administrating drugs directly into the organs affected by cancer and the blood vessels that feed the malignant area. Therefore, the chances to be cured increase in the case of many types of cancer such as the liver one.
What are the advantages for the patients treated with interventional radiology?
For patients, interventional radiology has multiple advantages: first of all, it is well accepted and has a low risk of pain and infection. Then, the hospitalization time is much diminished to one or two days, and those who went through various interventions can quickly resume their activities. Moreover, interventional radiology represents an extra-chance for treatment and healing for patients who cannot go through classical surgeries, this method allowing the treatment of advanced tumors and the lowering of the disease stage. Therefore, if patients are correctly diagnosed and request therapies in excellency centers such as those of the ACIBADEM group, life expectancy and life quality significantly increase.
What are the latest technologies available in ACIBADEM centers?
Currently, our top specialists of the ACIBADEM group dispose of latest generation equipment and technology they use to apply the interventional radiology procedures. Among these, there are 64-Slice CT with tridimensional imaging, ultrasounds, fluoroscopy and digital subtraction angiography. Depending on the procedure type, other modern equipment and materials, internationally approved, are used during treatment, namely catheters, stents, special biopsy needles, ablation devices and embolism materials. „All of these increase the safety of the procedure and significantly reduce complications. Moreover, we have the possibility to perform procedures guided by magnetic resonance on lesions that cannot be detected with other methods. This technology is used when biopsy of prostate and other organs is required”, says Prof. Dr. Can Çalıșkan, interventional radiologist at Acıbadem Atakent University Hospital.