Cancer Treatment in Turkey (Oncology) - Acıbadem

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Cancer Treatment (Oncology)

Cancer Treatment (Oncology)


We know fighting cancer might be the toughest thing you ever have to do. It’s a 24-hour-a-day job that can drain both your brain and your body.

Along with this tough journey, successful results require high pression and dedication. As Acıbadem Healthcare Group, we provide all necessary treatments with our multidisciplinary approach, experienced team and advanced technology.

The multidisciplinary approach based on a committed team work is the core of cancer treatment!

The most effective solutions in the treatment of cancer are obtained using a multidisciplinary approach. The consultation of physicians in different branches is extremely important in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and requires close teamwork.


In multidisciplinary structures, specialists in different branches come together, reach a joint decision and share the responsibility. As a result, working with a multidisciplinary structure obtain more successful results in the treatment and follow-up of cancer that is in the field of oncology.

ACIBADEM Hospitals – team up for cancer patients with world class technology.

As ACIBADEM Healthcare Group, we have brought the latest technology to Turkey. With our highly developed technological devices and wealth of knowledge and experience we offer our patients state of the art technologies used worldwide on the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

What is Cancer and Oncology?

Cancer is the inclusive name given to more than a hundred different diseases that occur in the event of uncontrollable growth in cells due to the defects in the normal working mechanism of our body. The branch of medicine called oncology, as its name is a combination of the Greek words “oncos” (burden, volume, mass) and “logos” (study), studies the masses or tumours caused by these abnormal cells in order to understand, identify, and treat the cancer diseases.

Types of Cancer

As mentioned above, cancer has many types that differ according to how and in which part of the body the abnormal cell growth occurs. There are also main categories that encompass certain cancer types.

  • Carcinoma: Known as the most common category of cancer, carcinoma cases are formed by the cells that cover inside and outside surfaces of our bodies. Most breast cancer cases that occur go under this category, but they can also be under sarcoma. Thanks to the different ways to diagnose breast cancers Acıbadem hospitals have, patients can undergo a smoother experience in treatment with more accurate identification of their disease.
  • Sarcoma: Cancer cases under this category are formed in the bone, muscle and cartilage tissues, as well as blood vessels. Acıbadem cancer treatment centres have the technological resources to treat prostate and kidney cancers under this category with robotic surgery.
  • Leukemia: This category is the general name given to the cancer cases that form in the blood-forming tissue of bone marrow. One of the most common types of cancer seen in children is leukemia, alongside the central nervous system tumours and lymphoma, and our medical experts that specialize in children’s cancer cases can help identify and treat these diseases, easing the whole process.
  • Lymphoma and Myeloma: These cancer types occur in the cells of the immune system. While lymphoma usually starts in lymph nodes or other parts of the lymphatic system, Myeloma cases occur in the plasma in our white blood cells, rendering the patient’s immune system unable to fight against infections.

Cancer Symptoms in Men and Women

Most types of cancer can manifest in similar ways in the cases of both men and women. Some common symptoms can be listed as; quick weight loss without trying, pain, fatigue, continuous coughing, anaemia, bleeding, non-healing surface injuries, fever, fatigue, unforeseen changes in the skin.

There are also certain cancers that only or mostly occur in men or women. Testicular and prostate cancers, for example, inherently happen in male patients. Symptoms in the cases of prostate cancer can be seeing blood in urine and experiencing pain while peeing, and a lump or pain in the scrotum area for the cases of testicular cancer. Women, on the other hand, are more prone to get breast cancer than men, and they are also affected the most by lung and colorectal cancers. While unusual vaginal bleeding can be a sign of cancer of the cervix, vagina or vulva; changes in appetite and belly pain or bloating can also be the symptoms of a number of different cancers and should be checked by a professional.

Cancer Treatment

The cancer treatment can change according to a number of different variables in a patient’s case. The type of cancer, the stage that cancer has moved into, other factors in the patient’s body, and the medical means the treatment facility harbours can all feed into the chosen way of treatment in cancer cases. Chemotherapy is one of the most used treatments in cancer. It includes drugs that fight cancer cells while having major side effects. Surgery, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and hormone therapy are also viable options in certain cancer cases.

Cancer Treatment in Turkey

The professional medical staff members of Acıbadem, a leading name in the field of medicine of Turkey, have a number of options to pick from when working against the different types of cancer cases they come across in patients. Acıbadem, thanks to the resources that are present in our facilities, guarantees a smooth process in the identification, treatment and care aspects with its state-of-the-art treatment centres that are in easy-to-reach, central locations while maintaining a competitive price in its area.


The Center of Cancer Treatment: Medical Oncology

Medical oncology is a branch of science which covers not only the treatment of cancer patients, but also cancer protection, cancer screening and early diagnostic applications.

Moreover, in cancer diagnosis and treatment, there is cooperation between various fields such as surgery and radiology. The approach to patients is planned as a multidiscipline in line with scientific data.

In medical oncology treatment planning changes based on:

  • The cell type of cancer
  • The organ where it first appeared
  • The areas to which it has spread.

Types of Treatment Used in Medical Oncology

Chemotherapy (Medicated Therapy): Chemotherapy aims to destroy cancerous cells that grow in an uncontrolled manner due to some changes in their structures. In ACIBADEM Oncology Centers, we apply the most recent developments in this field to treat our patients.

Hormone Therapy: Hormonal drugs are used in the treatment of tumors that are sensitive to hormones, such as prostate and breast cancers.

Immunotherapy (Treatment via Immune System): Substances that the immune system naturally produces are used to identify and kill cancerous cells by alerting the body’s immune system.

Target-Driven Biological Therapy: One of the most important developments of the last decade in cancer treatment has been the development of highly effective biological therapies. This treatment relatively few side effects and which identify targets that are present in cancerous cells but not in normal cells.

Targeting Cancer Cells: Radiation Oncology

Radiation oncology is the discipline that examines, through the use of ionizing radiation, the effects of radiation on the cancer, the behavior of tumors and also covers research in this field. Radiation oncology has two areas of application: Radiotherapy and Radiosurgery.

Radiotherapy (X-Ray Therapy)

Radiotherapy is defined as the treatment of the cancerous tissue or of some non-malignant tumors with radiation. It is also colloquially referred to as “radiation therapy” or “x-ray therapy”. The beams used in radiotherapy aim to stop cancerous cells from growing or to kill them.

Fields of Application for Radiotherapy

Curative Radiotherapy: In light of available information about the disease, it is applied in cases where the disease can be completely treated. It can be applied alone or with surgery and/or chemotherapy.

Palliative Radiotherapy: Applied in cases where it is impossible to completely destroy the disease. The goal is to prevent and relieve suffering and to improve quality of life for people facing serious, complex illness.

Scalpel-Free and Bloodless Surgical Treatment Using Beams: Radiosurgery

The fundamental aim in radiosurgery, one of the fields of application of radiation oncology, is to direct many low-energy beams to the diseased area. The aim is to shrink or kill the cancerous cells with intense beams while the surrounding healthy tissues are protected from the harmful effects of radiation.

Techniques Used in the Application of Radiation Oncology

IGRT : Image Guided Radiation Therapy

IMRT : Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy

Conformal Radiotherapy : 3D Conformal Radiotherapy

SRT / SRS : Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS)refers to the complete destruction of the tumor in one single session through high doses of radiation. When this therapy is applied in more than one session (generally 3-5 session) it is named as Stereotactic Radiotherapy (SRT).

Rapidarc : Rapidarc is a highly developed technology that provides greater comfort and ease for the patient by reducing the length of radiotherapy sessions from 15-30 minutes to as little as 2 minutes.

Brachytherapy : Brachytherapy is a method used to raise local control of the disorder by increasing the dose of radiation applied to the tumor before and after external radiotherapy.

Single Dose Radiation Therapy : Single-dose-app1 Radiotherapy begins preferably after chemotherapy in patients who require it or at least 3 weeks after surgery in patients who are only treated with hormone therapy.

Treatment Devices Used in the Application of Radiation Oncology:

Trilogy : The Trilogy device allows accurate intervention by specialists in the shortest amount of time and to an ideal proportion. This means the patient receives the most accurate treatment in the shortest amount of time.

MRIdian®: It is the world’s first radiotherapy device, with an integrated onboard MRI, for image guidance. This device can provide continuous and real time based imaging before and during the treatment.

Truebeam®: It is a system to treat cancer with speed and accuracy while avoiding healthy tissues and organs. The most important feature of TrueBeam® is that it can provide faster, safer and more effective treatment.

CyberKnife®: It is a robotic radiosurgery system that can treat with highly sensitive precision, even to within a millimeter. With this system cancerous region in the brain or in the body can be treated with high doses by using radiation beams focally. In this procedure the healthy tissues can be protected at maximum levels against side effects of radiation.

Gamma Knife Icon : Gamma knife is one of the stereotactic intracranial radiosurgery technique that used for treating the brain tumors and other brain abnormalities as part of radiation therapy. In gamma knife radiosurgery, the targeted tissues receive a very high dose of radiation in a single session. The aim of this procedure is to stop the growth of the tumor.

Application Fields of Surgical Treatment

Curative surgery is also applied within the scope of surgical oncology. However, the preliminary condition for applying curative surgery is that the disorder is limited to the organ or lymph nodes where it first appeared. Tumors may be completely removed from patients, provided that their boundaries are well determined. However, there are cases where the tumor cannot be completely removed. In such cases, debulking surgery may be applied to minimize the bulk. Moreover, removal of metastases which are low in number improves the patient’s chances of a sound recovery.

Robotic Surgery with “da Vinci

Laparoscopic operations that are performed with “da Vinci” surgical robot are defined as Robotic Surgery. These operations provide a great deal of advantages to the patient. In addition to the common advantages of all laparoscopic operations such as less pain, minimized scars on the skin, shorter stay in the hospital; there occurs less bleeding and the success rate of the operation is higher. “da Vinci” robotic surgery is performed especially in these major areas; Gynecology, Gynecologic Oncology, Urology, Cardiac and Vascular Surgery, General Surgery and Ear-Nose-Throat surgery.


The First Step Towards Accurate Treatment: Radiological Diagnostic Methods

Accurate radiological diagnosis is an essential part of deciding how treatment should be performed. Modern techniques and advanced technology are of paramount importance when performing radiological diagnosis, as well as an experienced radiology staff.

As well as qualified radiology staff, it is essential that techniques applied with advanced technology are used in accurate diagnosis. As ACIBADEM Healthcare Group, we are working according to this principle and closely following developments in medical science, constantly changing its diagnostic equipment in all ACIBADEM Hospitals and outpatient centers with new high-tech equipment.


For Rapid And Reliable Diagnosis: The PET/CT device is used to identify tumors in their early stages, particularly for cancer treatment, and to determine whether these tumors are malign or benign. The device is also used in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological and cardiological disorders.

PET/CT in Early Diagnosis: PET/CT offers many significant advantages in early diagnosis. It offers the opportunity to identify many disorders at the beginning phase. In pre-PET/CT periods, it was determined only by biopsy whether nodules in the body are cancerous or not, whereas now it is determined at a high rate of precision with PET/CT .

PET/CT In Metastasis: PET/CT also offers a significant advantage for the determination of whether the disease spread to adjacent tissues or lymph nodes in many cancer types, i.e. whether there is metastasis or not. Since the entire body is visualized at the same time thanks to the images taken via PET/CT , it is also possible to evaluate whether the cancer has spread to another organ. Thus, PET/CT is highly advantageous in determining, for instance, whether a tumor in the lung has spread to other internal organs, the adrenal glands or the lymph nodes (whether there is metastasis or not), in other words for determining the extensity of the disorder which is known as staging.


Intraoperative MR facilitates the complete removal of the tumor by providing images during brain surgery. It thus eliminates the risk of a second operation that would be required, due to tumor residues.


A mammography device which delivers excellent two and three dimensional image quality at the lowest required dose. With its two dimensional and multi slice three dimensional tomosynthetic imaging capacity, it offers ground breaking possibilities in early diagnosis of cancer.

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